A gabion is a device made of metal wire that encloses a large amount of debris. The word is actually a derivative of another word meaning a large cage. The most common contents beneath the wire are various terrains, such as rocks and boulders, mud, soil, or logs. The list continues, however, when gabions are used for alternative activities.
A gabion is essentially a heavy-duty wire mesh. It is a steel mesh (also known as a grid) that has been treated to withstand the harsher pressures from its contents and elements.
At one time, gabions were made of lightweight wicker. It wasn't perfect, but it was innovative and effective. Today, gabions are made from tougher materials, giving them greater strength and longevity.
As the name suggests, this cage is used to contain or trap, and they are used to build and maintain dams, foundations, channels, ditches, sculptures and more. If you have ever driven a natural bridge and marvelled at the bravery of the workers who built it, you can also thank them for installing gabions to prevent rock and landslides.
In recognizing the feat of capturing rocks and other large pieces of debris from falling into the area below, one must also praise the ability of such devices as a means of defence and support.
Gabions are an ancient technique used to fortify river banks and protect nearby camps and settlements from potential erosion. They also contribute to quick and simple wall components for military settings. Gabions are currently attracting attention for their aesthetic appeal and functionality.
The practicality of the tool allows it to have a variety of uses depending on the need. Gabions, therefore, appeal to different people for different reasons. The fact that they serve a purpose, but may also add to the curb appeal makes them easily applicable to a variety of environments.
Although you may not know it by name, there are countless gabions on display in various cities and states, especially in mountainous areas and around large bodies of water. Many travellers will see them climbing up and supporting towering cliffs alongside steep highways.
Other locations for gabions are usually road construction or other large building sites. They have proved very effective in acting as large pieces of debris that could obstruct a project or injure passers-by.
As mentioned earlier, they were once a staple of the community development that flocked to the river. During the rainy season, the river banks were (and still are) eroded, putting communities at risk. The passage to move water towards the city and across rugged terrain was also a worldwide effort to be filled by gabions.
While these select encounters may not look like gabions, their usefulness is not limited to creating roads. In fact, you can use gabions in your home or commercial area for personal landscaping work. Although using them in your own backyard is fairly new, the idea was bound to come up due to the many benefits of gabions.
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